Mineral concessions are granted by the State Government under the provisions of Acts and Rules (i) Mines and Mineral (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957/ MMDR Amended Act 2015) (ii) Mineral Concession Rules 1960/MCR 2016 (iii) Mineral Conservation and Development Rules – 1988/ (MCDR–2017). The Act/Rules prescribe the procedure to be followed and fees to be paid for following types of mineral concessions : i) Large Area Reconnaissance permit ii) Prospecting licence cum Mining Lease (Composite Licence) iii) Mining lease.
Execution and operation of concessions are to be in accordance with MCR 2016 and MCDR 2017. It includes Terms and Conditions of Mineral Concessions, Preparation of the Mining Plan, Expiry of Mining Lease, Lapsing of concession, Surrender of Concession or Termination of Concession, transfer of concession, Penalty, amalgamation of leases, extent of area granted under mineral concession etc. It can be termed as detailed directory of mineral concessions.
Ministry of Mines is responsible for survey and exploration of all minerals, other than natural gases, petroleum and atomic minerals, for mining and metallurgy of non-ferrous metals like aluminium, copper, zinc, lead, gold, nickel, etc. and for administration of the Mines and Minerals (Regulation and Development) Act, 1957 in respect of all mines and minerals other than coal, natural gas and petroleum.
The Mining Tenement System (MTS) primarily involves automating the entire concession life-cycle, starting from identification of area and ending with closure of the mine; and connecting the various stakeholders for real-time transfer of electronic files and exchange of data. This will enable effective management of mineral concession regime and transparency in operations at the Centre as well as States.
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